What is sleepwalking and is there a way to stop this from happening to you or a child?
Sleepwalking is actually a fairly common disorder in children; however, it is possible for adults to sleepwalk, too. The problem is that these evening antics wandering around the house can lead to injury or it may be a warning sign to our Columbia, SC, sleep physicians that you could have an underlying medical condition that’s causing this problem.
If you have a family of sleepwalkers, then you may also be more likely to sleepwalk yourself. Of course, there are certain lifestyle factors that can make it more likely for you to sleepwalk. Those on nightshift or weird sleep schedules, as well as those who take certain medications (e.g. sedatives; stimulants) or are under the influence of alcohol may be prone to sleepwalking.
Of course, sleepwalking is also more likely in those with these medical problems,
- Heart rhythm disorders
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Posttraumatic stress disorder
- Restless leg syndrome
- Anxiety disorders
Seeing a Sleep Specialist
If you are suddenly dealing with a bout of sleepwalking, this warrants visiting a sleep specialist. After all, certain conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea require additional treatment to prevent potentially serious health complications down the road. By determining the cause of your sleepwalking, we can also make sure that you get the care you need.
When you come into our office, we will ask you questions about the symptoms you are experiencing. From there, we may recommend certain tests such as a sleep study to confirm sleepwalking.
If you or a loved one experiences minor bouts of sleepwalking that occur infrequently then treatment may not be necessary; however, there are several ways to manage your sleepwalking. For one, it’s important to eliminate any potential risks in the house that could cause a sleepwalker to fall, trip or get hurt.
If any underlying medical conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea is to blame, our sleep specialists here at Bogan Sleep Consultants can provide you with the proper medication and treatment options to improve the underlying medical condition. This in turn should improve your sleepwalking.
Other treatment options include,
- Talking with your doctor about any medications you are currently taking to see if they could be causing your symptoms
- Antidepressants and even melatonin
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy to alleviate stress, which can improve stress-induced sleepwalking
- Altering and improving your current sleep habits (making sure you are getting enough sleep and that you are going to bed at the same time every night)
Do you have questions about sleepwalking? If you are concerned about your current sleep habits or are having trouble with your sleep, turn to our sleep specialist Dr. Richard Bogan in Columbia, SC, for a better night’s sleep. Call Bogan Sleep Consultants today at (803) 251-3093.
Know more about the sleep tests we often perform and why they are used.
You’ve been having trouble falling or staying asleep for weeks now and it’s taking a toll on everything from your work to your personal life. While we will all experience bouts of bad sleep, when sleep disturbances become frequent it might be a sign that it’s time to turn to our Columbia, SC, sleep doctors for answers. While we will go through your medical history and ask you questions about your symptoms, we will still need to do a sleep study to confirm the type of sleep disorder you may be dealing with.
However, the symptoms you share with us will shed light on which types of sleep studies we will need to perform. Here are the most common types of sleep studies,
This overnight sleep study analyzes all aspects of the sleep cycle and measures breathing, muscle and brain activity as well as body positioning and eye movement to look for common sleep disturbances including,
- Obstructive and central sleep apnea
- REM sleep behavior disorder
- Circadian rhythm disorders
- Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD)
Specialized Polysomnogram (PSG)
We can also customize a standard PSG procedure to rule out certain disorders or to make a definitive diagnosis. This specialized PSG may include adding on an EEG test to diagnose seizures or carbon dioxide monitoring for those with possible sleep apnea.
Multiple Latency Sleep Test (MSLT)
If you find yourself dealing with excessive daytime exhaustion, our Columbia, SC, sleep specialists may recommend undergoing a multiple latency sleep test, also nicknamed a “nap study”, which analyzes how quickly you fall asleep and can be helpful for diagnosing narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia (extreme sleepiness that has no cause).
If your sleep doctor believes that you might have a sleep-based breathing disorder such as obstructive or central sleep apnea, then a CPAP titration study may be performed overnight to monitor breathing, oxygen levels, heart rate and brain waves to look for any possible upper airway blockages that could cause pauses in breathing throughout the night. This study is often recommended for people with sleep apnea as they begin sleep apnea CPAP treatment to see if current treatment levels are effective.
If you are tossing and turning at night or battling bouts of insomnia, it might be time to talk to a sleep specialist here in Columbia, SC. Call Bogan Sleep Consultants today at (803) 251-3093 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Richard Bogan.
At Bogan Sleep Consultants, Dr. Richard Bogan of Columbia, SC, helps with patients dealing with sleeping disorders, including narcolepsy, a chronic sleep disorder that causes daytime drowsiness and sudden sleep attacks.
"An estimated 50 to 70 million adults in the United States suffer from a chronic sleep or wakefulness disorder, which can impair functioning and increase the risk of injury and various chronic conditions, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease." according to the Maternal and Child Health Bureau.
More About Narcolepsy
Narcoleptics have a hard time staying awake for too long. People may collapse into a sleep attack because of loss of muscle tone, which is referred to as type 1 narcolepsy and is triggered by strong emotion. People with type 2 narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness but don't suffer from muscle weakness triggered by emotions.
The normal process of sleeping is when people gradually move from one phase to another, until they reach REM sleep (rapid eye movement sleep). In narcolepsy, people suddenly enter REM sleep without first experiencing other sleep phases.
How to Manage Narcolepsy
Symptoms of narcolepsy include: excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden loss of muscle tone, sleep paralysis, changes in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and hallucinations.
Narcolepsy is a chronic condition that has no cure but can be managed through medicine and strategic lifestyle changes.
- Good sleeping habits, like frequent and brief naps, and sticking to a strict bedtime routine can help.
- Avoid taking allergy medicine that has drowsiness listed as a side effect.
- A specialist may prescribe certain medications.
What are the causes?
People with type 1 narcolepsy have low levels of a neurochemical called hypocretin that helps regulate wakefulness and REM sleep. People who suffer from type 2 narcolepsy have particularly low levels of hypocretin. The cause of low levels of hypocretin is unknown but experts suspect it's due to an autoimmune reaction, genetics play a role in the development of narcolepsy.
Some risk factors that contribute to narcolepsy are age (typically begins between the ages of 10 and 30), and family history.
Need to speak with your Columbia doctor?
Sleep disorders disrupt everyday activities and require proper medical attention from Bogan Sleep Consultants. For more information or to schedule an appointment with Dr. Richard Bogan in Columbia, SC, call his office at (803) 251-3093.
Sleep disorders disrupt our everyday functions and vary from suddenly falling asleep, like narcolepsy, to hardly being able to sleep at all, like insomnia. Dr. Richard Bogan or Bongan Sleep Consultants, specializes in treating sleep disorders at his Columbia, SC, office.
Here are common sleep disorders and a few treatment options:
Snoring, one of the most common sleeping disorders, is when soft tissue blocks airway passages while a person sleeps. Treatment options include using an oral appliance, like a CPAP machine, to keep air passages open. Take into consideration that snoring can be an indicator of a bigger underlying disorder.
Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing while sleeping. intermittent cessation of breathing during sleep. These episodes lead to oxygen reduction in the blood. The obstruction in breathing requires a CPAP machine, like snoring, to keep air passages open.
Insomnia, another common sleep disorder, is when someone has difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. If the condition occurs multiple times a week for three months, it is chronic insomnia and requires treatment, like sleeping pills and cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI).
Narcolepsy is the opposite of insomnia. They have a hard time staying awake for too long because of low levels of a neurochemical hypocretin. There's no cure but there are ways to manage by adopting good sleeping habits, avoid allergy medicine and/or use prescribed medication.
Sleep paralysis is when a person is unable to move their body when waking up. They can't speak or move for a few seconds, and the preferred treatment options your Columbia doctor may use includes counseling and medication.
Chronic fatigue syndrome is prolonged fatigue that does not subside even after full rest. It can be a result of a viral infection, psychological stress, or a combination of factors. Treatment helps manage or relieve symptoms.
Do you need to speak with a doctor?
Dr. Richard Bogan at Bogan Consultants in Columbia, SC, can help. Just give him a call at (803) 251-3093 for more information.
Should I Take Melatonin for My Sleeping Problems?
Melatonin supplements can seem like the most natural solution to your sleep problems. But before you decide to take on any treatment on your own you should learn more about it, and preferably get in contact with a specialist on sleep. Such as Dr. Richard Bogan of the practice, Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC.
What Is Melatonin?
Melatonin occurs naturally in your body.
In the middle of your brain, a small gland controls the release of it into your bloodstream. It is typically activated by the coming of night.
During this time, the melatonin coursing through your body reduces your alertness, making sleep an easier task. In the daytime, melatonin is barely present.
So it can appear to correlate that melatonin can alleviate some sleeping problems.
Does It Help?
People who work night shifts, and those suffering from jet lag have shown positive results from melatonin supplements.
Some who suffer from insomnia have also reported improvement to their sleep. But the results from most studies on the subject have shown no benefit against the placebo.
The most common concern is that in America the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not treat melatonin supplements as a drug. So the advertised dosage may not always be accurate.
Too much melatonin in your system could have adverse effects on your biological clock.
So it's advisable that you consult with your doctor before resorting to melatonin on your own. As with all supplements you need to know that it will not conflict with your prescriptions or if you'll have an allergic reaction.
It is also not recommended for older people or pregnant or breastfeeding women, as there isn't enough research about the effects in these cases.
Treatment for Sleep Problems in Columbia, SC
A good night of sleep is critical to your day, to your life. Don't suffer one more night, make an appointment with Dr. Bogan of Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, by dialing (803) 251-3093.
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