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Posts for category: Sleep Medicine

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
October 20, 2021
Category: Sleep Medicine
Tags: Melatonin  

Melatonin is a hormone that the body produces normally. Because its production is stimulated by darkness and reduced by light conditions, it has been studied as a part of and contributor to an individual's sleep cycle. Melatonin has become one of the most used supplements on the market and can provide many benefits. Consulting with a sleep doctor like Dr. Richard Bogan, Dr. Laura Herpel, Dr. McLain, or Dr. Melissa Hummel at Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, can help you understand melatonin and review whether this supplement is a good option for you.

When Melatonin is a Good Choice

As a natural hormone, melatonin is able to facilitate the transition from being awake to sleep. In certain conditions or as some people age, supplementing the natural levels of melatonin can help sleep practices. If someone is experiencing changes like those that can happen while traveling or with adjustments in day-to-day sleep schedules, melatonin can help individuals fall asleep more easily. 

There has not been sufficient data to determine the success of melatonin in helping with long-term sleep conditions, like insomnia or other difficulties related to misaligned circadian rhythms. Understanding the underlying cause of any sleep difficulties that you are having should be the basis for any course of treatment, including supplements. By discussing your sleep issues with the sleep doctors at Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, you can explore different options and determine if melatonin might help you sleep.

Choosing Melatonin

As a supplement, melatonin is not regulated in the same way that pharmaceuticals are. You should only buy supplements from reputable sources, and be cautious about supplements that use melatonin as part of a sleep aid containing numerous ingredients. There is not currently sufficient research available on the interactions between melatonin and other supplements. 

You should also speak to your physician or sleep doctor about the proper dosage of melatonin to take for your body weight. Melatonin is available in tablets measured in milligrams (mg), and a 3 mg dose is typically sufficient for an adult. There has been an increased interest in melatonin as a sleep aid for children. While there are anecdotal stories of melatonin producing better sleep for children, there is no research on this subject. 

While there are no known serious side effects associated with melatonin, involving your sleep doctor is important. Contact Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, with any sleep concerns, and let Dr. Bogan, Dr. Herpel, Dr. McLain, or Dr. Hummel determine if melatonin is right for you. Call (803) 251-3093 to schedule an appointment today and take steps toward a better night's sleep.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
August 25, 2021
Category: Sleep Medicine

Find out which sleep studies we perform and why they are performed.

Battling insomnia? Dealing with loud, chronic snoring? Worried you might have sleep apnea? If so, our Columbia, SC, sleep doctor Dr. Richard Bogan can offer a definitive diagnosis. Of course, in order to find out what’s causing your sleep disturbances, we will need to ask you questions about your symptoms and go through your medical history before deciding which sleep study to perform. Here are the most common types of sleep studies we offer,


This is one of the most common studies that we perform to diagnose sleep apnea. Before the study can begin, the patient is hooked up to electrodes that they will wear while they are sleeping. The electrodes will be used to measure everything from heart rate and brain waves to respiration. Most patients will get their results within 7-10 days after their test. If this test comes back positive for sleep apnea, you’ll need a second test known as a titration study.

CPAP Titration Study

Again, our technicians will hook up the same electrodes to your body that they did for your polysomnogram, but this time we will also fit you with CPAP therapy that you will wear while you sleep. As you sleep, our Columbia, SC, sleep team will be able to monitor your respiration and airways and accommodate it by adjusting the air pressure within the CPAP face mask. This will help us figure out the appropriate amount of pressure needed to keep airways open so that you can do this from the comfort of your own home.

Split-Night Test

In some instances, we may be able to perform both the polysomnogram and the CPAP titration study in one night, but this will depend on certain factors of your polysomnogram. This is something that we can discuss further with you during your sleep consultation.

Multiple Sleep Latency Test

Do you find yourself feeling exhausted throughout the day? If so you could be dealing with narcolepsy or hypersomnia. A multiple sleep latency test is performed during the day and involves having patients take five 20-minutes naps, two hours apart. During the test, we will monitor how long it takes a patient to fall asleep, which will be determined through sensors that are placed on the head and face. If you have trouble staying awake during the day or feel exhausted despite getting good sleep, then an MSLT may be recommended by our Columbia, SC, sleep team.

If you are having trouble getting quality sleep night after night, a sleep disorder could be to blame. Find out what’s causing your issues by turning to our Columbia, SC, sleep doctor Dr. Bogan for answers. Call Bogan Sleep Consultants at (803) 251-3093 to schedule a no-risk consultation.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
March 22, 2021
Category: Sleep Medicine
Tags: Sleep Study  

Are you dealing with a sleep disorder? A sleep study will be able to tell you.

While a bad night of sleep can certainly be miserable, it’s something that everyone will deal with. The important thing is that you are getting quality sleep the rest of the time. It’s also important to recognize when your restlessness, daytime fatigue, and other symptoms could be signs of an underlying sleep problem. In this case, it’s prudent to turn to your Columbia, SC, sleep doctors for a sleep test if you are dealing with the following symptoms:


Having a cold can lead to a rather unpleasant night of snoring. However, if your partner complains that you snore regularly or that your snoring is incredibly loud, this could be a sign of sleep apnea. Snoring often goes overlooked but it’s important that it doesn’t. Even if snoring isn’t caused by sleep apnea, this nocturnal noise could cause you to deal with poor, restless, and unfulfilling sleep night after night.

Extreme Fatigue

Do you wake up feeling exhausted and unrefreshed despite getting a full 7-8 hours of sleep? Do you find yourself needing a nap midday or having trouble keeping your eyes open after lunch? If so, this lingering exhaustion could be a sign that you’re not getting good quality sleep and that a sleep disorder could be to blame. If you’re getting a full night’s rest but you still don’t feel energized and alert during the day, it’s time to see a sleep specialist to find out why.

Brain Fog

Do you find yourself having trouble focusing or staying on task? Do you often forget what you were doing? If concentration and memory seem to be eluding you it could be a sign of sleep apnea. The good news is that brain fog, poor concentration, and memory issues associated with sleep apnea often go away once a patient starts using CPAP treatment.


While all of us will have trouble falling or staying asleep at some point, this shouldn’t be something you deal with regularly. If you find yourself having trouble falling asleep, or if you wake up in the middle of the night and can’t fall back asleep, and this problem persists for more than two weeks it’s time to talk with our Columbia, SC, sleep doctors.

If you are dealing with warning signs of a sleep disorder, it’s important that you turn to a sleep specialist that can diagnose and treat your condition to help you get better sleep. To schedule a sleep study with our Columbia, SC, sleep doctors, call Bogan Sleep Consultants today at (803) 251-3093.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
February 09, 2021
Category: Sleep Medicine
Tags: Sleep Schedule  

Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, can help if you're concerned about the quality of your sleep.

Sleep is a necessity for everyone, but our needs change with age. We start life needing more sleep than anything else - the average baby sleeps more than fourteen hours a day! Including naps, a typical child can sleep 10 to 12 hours a day. By the time we hit teenage years, most people have settled into a pattern of 7 to 9 hours a night on average.

As you age into an older adult we need about the same amount of sleep, but it's normal to have more trouble falling asleep and staying asleep. As we age we produce less growth hormone, the substance that helps developing children sleep so deeply. Older adults also produce less melatonin, a hormone that controls sleep. Stress takes a cumulative toll on us as we age, and all these factors mean we don't sleep as deeply or as much. Many seniors are only getting 6 to 7 hours a night. If you are getting even less, it's time to call Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC.

Sleep as a process cycles through multiple stages multiple times a night, and a good night's sleep is actually made up of four or five sleep cycles. Periods of shallow, dreamless sleep are followed by a deep, dreaming state known as rapid eye movement or REM sleep. As deeper sleep becomes harder to achieve, we spend more time in the shallow stages of sleep when it is much easier to wake up.

While the kind of sleep you're getting changes as you age, this can come along with changes in your sleeping schedule. Because our circadian rhythms change as we age, many seniors experience the transition from a 'night owl' to an 'early bird." The reason for this change isn't completely understood but it is normal for seniors. Another change seniors experience is needing afternoon naps. Naps aren't bad for you, but sleeping too much during the day will only cause more problems at night.

Insomnia can happen to anyone but is more common in older adults. If you are having trouble sleeping, contact Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC. Give us a call at (803) 251-3093.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
January 29, 2021
Category: Sleep Medicine
Tags: Sleep   Sleep Hygiene  

Quality sleep is key to maintaining good mental and physical health. Here’s how to improve your sleep.

Sadly, people treat sleep like a luxury these days, but bad sleep impacts every facet of our health and life. You may notice that after a bad night’s sleep you’re more irritable, prone to mood swings and you eat everything in sight. So, it’s not surprising that bad sleep could also be sabotaging your weight loss efforts. While some people are dealing with true sleep disorders that impact their ability to get proper, restorative sleep, our Columbia, SC, sleep doctor Dr. Richard Bogan also sees people who simply have bad sleep hygiene. Luckily, with a little dedication, this is a fairly easy fix.

Why is good sleep so important?

Even just one bad night of sleep can cause insulin resistance, increasing our risk for obesity and diabetes. Poor sleep is also linked to mood disorders, weakened immune systems and heart disease. Unfortunately, some people deal with sleep problems such as sleep apnea, which causes oxygen deprivation and restless sleep.

This poor sleep leads to imbalances in blood sugar, insatiable hunger and cravings, all of which can increase a person’s risk for hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Simply put, bad sleep is a serious problem. If you suspect that you might have a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea, it’s important to turn to our Columbia, SC, “dream team’ to find out.

How much sleep do I need to get each night?

The National Sleep Foundation states that adults should get between 7-9 hours of sleep per night. This also includes individuals over 65 years old. You may find that you feel great after just 7 hours of sleep while others may need a full 9 hours to wake up feeling refreshed. This may take some trial and error, but you’ll soon be able to tell just how much sleep you’ll need to feel your best.

What is good sleep hygiene?

We see a lot of bad sleep habits here in our office. Some of the ways in which you can instantly get better and deeper sleep is by,

  • Getting on a consistent sleep schedule, which means going to bed and getting up at the same time every day (yes, even on weekends)
  • Turning off electronics (including cell phones) at least 30 minutes before bedtime, but ideally 2 hours before bed (blue light suppresses melatonin, which can keep you awake)
  • Make sure that you are getting at least 20 minutes of sunlight each day to help you brain regulate sleep cycles
  • Find ways to manage stress, whether through meditation, yoga, light stretching or journaling
  • Consider taking supplements such as melatonin, magnesium or valerian root before bed

If you are having trouble falling asleep or you wake up in the middle of the night, you may wish to turn to Dr. Bogan and his team of sleep specialists in Columbia, SC. To schedule a sleep consultation with the team at Bogan Sleep Consultants, call (803) 251-3093.