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Posts for: December, 2019

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
December 30, 2019
Category: Sleep Disorders
Tags: narcolepsy  

Narcolepsy is a condition that can dramatically affect the quality of your life. Our Columbia, SC, sleep consultants, Drs. Richard Bogan and Laura Herpel of Bogan Sleep Consultants offer effective treatments that can improve your symptoms.

What is narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy occurs when your brain has difficulty maintaining normal sleep and wake cycles. The neurological condition may affect as many as 200,000 people in the U.S., according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, although the actual number may be much higher due to undiagnosed cases.

What are the symptoms of narcolepsy?

If you have narcolepsy, you may experience one or more of these symptoms:

  • Sleepiness During the Day: Daytime drowsiness is one of the most common symptoms of narcolepsy. In some cases, you might fall asleep suddenly and without warning. Sleep periods may only last a few moments but can be dangerous if they occur when you're driving, walking, cooking or operating machinery.
  • Cataplexy: Cataplexy can be particularly frightening. It occurs when you have difficulty moving or controlling your muscles when you're awake. It can be as mild as a little weakness in an arm or can involve your entire body.
  • Sleep Paralysis: Are you unable to move for a few seconds when you first fall asleep or wake up? You may have sleep paralysis. The condition can also be accompanied by hallucinations.
  • Other Symptoms: Insomnia, sleep apnea, periodic leg movements can also occur if you have narcolepsy.

How is narcolepsy treated?

Your Columbia sleep consultant may recommend a sleep study if you have narcolepsy symptoms. The test measures brain activity, oxygen levels, blood pressure, eye movements and heart rate while you sleep and provides valuable information that will help your sleep consultant make a diagnosis.

If you are diagnosed with narcolepsy, your doctor may prescribe medications that decrease drowsiness during the day or reduce cataplexy and sleep paralysis. They may also recommend lifestyle modifications that can help, such as exercise, changing your sleep schedule, reducing stress, and avoiding alcohol and foods or beverages that contain caffeine before sleeping.

Do you need help dealing with narcolepsy? Call your Columbia, SC, sleep consultants, Drs. Richard Bogan and Laura Herpel of Bogan Sleep Consultants, at (803) 251-3093 to schedule an appointment.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
December 26, 2019
Category: Sleep Disorders

Find out what periodic limb movement disorder is and how it can affect your sleep.

Once referred to as sleep myoclonus, periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a condition that causes sporadic limb movements while a person is asleep. This most often occurs in the lower extremities during light sleep, and these unconscious limb movements can occur for up to 90 seconds at a time. If our Columbia, SC, sleep doctor Dr. Richard Bogan and Dr. Laura Herpel have diagnosed you with restless leg symptom (RLS) or narcolepsy, you may be at an increased risk for developing periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS).

What are the signs and symptoms of PLMS?

Patients with PLMS experience twitching and jerking movements within the extremities but never realize this is happening; therefore, it can be difficult for someone to know whether or not they have PLMS. Many times it is a partner that alerts them to the fact that they twitch and move around in their sleep. Of course, as you might imagine, someone who experiences uncontrollable limb movements throughout the night will often wake up exhausted and irritable.

You may also wake up multiple times throughout the night, experience extreme exhaustion and fatigue throughout the day, and also be prone to mood swings. Your performance at work or school may also suffer.

What causes PLMS?

While experts still don’t know what causes PLMS there are certain factors that could increase your chances of developing this sleep disorder. These factors include,

  • Caffeine
  • Certain medications (e.g. antidepressants; lithium)
  • Other sleep disorders
  • Anemia caused by an iron deficiency
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g. ADHD)
  • Metabolic disorders (e.g. diabetes)

Older adults over the age of 65 are also more likely to develop PLMS.

How is PLMS diagnosed?

Our Columbia, SC, sleep physician can diagnose PLMS with a sleep study, also referred to as a polysomnography test. This study is performed while you are asleep. You will come into our office where we will test everything from oxygen levels and heart rate to blood pressure and muscle function through sensors that we will place throughout the body while you sleep.

I have PLMS. What are my treatment options?

If PLMS is caused by another condition such as anemia or diabetes then your doctor will need to treat the underlying cause in order to improve your sleep disorder. Other ways to treat PLMS include,

  • Stress management
  • Avoiding caffeine
  • Taking medications prescribed by your sleep physician (e.g. dopamine agonists; benzodiazepines)

If you find yourself waking up tired and unrefreshed most mornings, or if you experience frequent bouts of insomnia or restlessness, it’s important not to ignore these symptoms. Call Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, today to schedule a sleep study.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
December 20, 2019
Category: Sleep Disorders
Tags: sleep apnea  

Find the treatment you need to finally experience relief from your sleep apnea symptoms.

Sleep is refreshing, healing and something that everyone needs. Unfortunately, despite our need to get proper sleep, millions of Americans don’t get the restorative sleep they require each night. While it’s natural to experience restless sleep every once in a while if you are experiencing symptoms of sleep apnea it’s important that you turn to our Columbia, SC, sleep doctors Dr. Richard Bogan and Dr. Laura Herpel for a consultation.

What is sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that causes someone to stop breathing throughout the night, which reduces the flow of oxygen to the brain. These pauses in breathing can occur up to hundreds of times in just a single night. When tissue in the back of the throat collapses this can lead to airway obstructions and blockages associated with sleep apnea.

What are the symptoms of sleep apnea?

The classic sign of sleep apnea is loud, chronic snoring. If you or your partner snores loudly every night this could be an indicator of sleep apnea. Other symptoms and signs of sleep apnea include,

  • Restless sleep
  • Insomnia
  • Excessive daytime fatigue
  • Morning headaches
  • A decline in mental performance
  • Brain fog
  • Irritability and mood swings

What happens if sleep apnea isn’t treated?

It’s important that if you suspect that you might have sleep apnea that you turn to our Columbia, SC, sleep specialist for a proper diagnosis. Not treating sleep apnea can lead to some serious health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke, so the sooner you are treated for sleep apnea the better.

What are some ways to treat sleep apnea?

The standard treatment option for sleep apnea is a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device that delivers pressurized air into the airways through a facemask to prevent obstructions. This device is worn while the patient is asleep and can provide immediate relief after just one night of use. In order to properly manage your symptoms, you will need to use CPAP every night.

Lifestyle changes can also improve symptoms of sleep apnea. These changes include,

  • Quitting smoking
  • Avoiding alcohol
  • Losing excess weight

Furthermore, those with mild to moderate sleep apnea may be able to use a simple dental appliance that fits over the teeth to reposition the jaws and prevent airway obstructions. Nerve stimulation therapy and surgery are also possible treatment options depending on the type and severity of your sleep apnea.

Whether you’re noticing sleep problems or you have just been diagnosed with sleep apnea, the medical team at Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, can diagnose and treat all of your sleep problems. Schedule an appointment with us today.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
December 05, 2019
Category: Sleep Disorders
Tags: sleep apnea  

Would you like to learn more about sleep apnea from Bogan Sleep Consultants located in Columbia, SC?

Sleep is vital for good health. Some people have a hard time sleeping because they suffer sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD), sleep apneawhich are several repeated episodes of interrupted breathing or airflow.

What exactly is sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea happens as a result of soft tissues near the back of the throat collapsing while you're asleep. This closes off the windpipe and hinders any air from entering. Someone suffering from sleep apnea may wake up 50 or more times per hour and people may have no recollection of it.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea may lead to serious issues like heart problems if you're not treated as soon as possible by a Columbia sleep specialist.

Here are a few symptoms you may experience if you have sleep apnea:

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Irritability and morning headaches
  • Waking up with a sore or dry mouth
  • Poor memory/confusion
  • Accident proneness
  • Night sweats
  • Snoring
  • Forgetfulness, mood changes and lowered libido
  • Morning headaches
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity


Sleep Apnea Treatment

There are several treatment options and lifestyle changes to manage your sleep apnea:

  • Lose weight: Being overweight and obesity is one of the main reasons people may suffer from sleep apnea. Choosing to maintain a healthy lifestyle, eating healthy and exercising.
  • Avoid alcohol: Aside from being high in calories, alcohol may cause nighttime awakenings and also relaxes muscles in the breathing airway which blocks the passage of air while someone is sleeping.
  • Quit smoking: Cigarette smoking swells upper airway passages, worsening sleep apnea and snoring.
  • Sleeping position: People suffering from mild sleep apnea and/or heavy snoring should sleep on their sides as opposed to their backs to reduce breathing problems.

Do you think you have symptoms that align with sleep apnea? Do you want to learn more about sleep apnea? If so, make sure you call Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC, for more information today.

By Bogan Sleep Consultants, LLC
December 05, 2019
Category: Sleep Medicine
Tags: Sleep Tests  

Would you like to learn more about sleep tests from Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC?

Sleep is important for many vital processes like reducing stress, improving memory, lowering blood pressure and boosting your immune doctorssystem. Unfortunately, not everyone gets their proper dose of sleep. Approximately 50-70 million adults in the US suffer from a sleep disorder, according to the American Sleep Association.

Types of Sleep Tests

There are several sleep tests your Columbia doctor uses to help diagnose sleep problems. The facility offers a relaxing environment, a home-like bedroom setting, to ease the process and get the best results.

Here are a few tests our doctor offers:

  • Polysomnogram (PSG) analyzes a patient's physical state while you sleep. The test monitors sleep and breathing patterns, heart function and brain waves.
  • CPAP Titration is the next step after PSG analysis. CPAP Titration identifies if a person has a breathing disorder while sleeping. This is done by placing a patient on a CPAP machine and little-by-little adjusting the machine until snoring and sleep apnea episodes are eliminated.
  • Split-Night PSG helps your physician diagnose sleep apnea and determine the best treatment option.
  • Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) analyzes the amount of daytime sleepiness by measuring how quickly you fall asleep by taking five twenty-minute naps at two-hour intervals.


How to Improve Sleep

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke National Institutes of Health recommends doing the following to improve sleep:

  • Have a set schedule by sleeping and waking up every day at the same time.
  • Exercise 20 to 30 minutes a day
  • Avoid caffeine and nicotine
  • Relax before bed by reading or taking a bath.
  • Avoid bright lights and loud sounds in your bedroom.
  • Maintain a comfortable temperature in your bedroom.

Do you want to learn more about sleep and the types of sleep tests from your Columbia, SC, Bogan Sleep Consultants offer? If so, don't hesitate to call Bogan Sleep Consultants in Columbia, SC at (803) 251-3093 today.